Chiyambi Chachikulu pa Malo Ozizira

Nsanja yozizira ndiyosinthanitsa kutentha, mkati mwake kutentha kumachotsedwa m'madzi polumikizana pakati pamadzi ndi mpweya. Nsanja zoziziritsa zimagwiritsa ntchito madzi kukhala mathunzi kuti asatenthe kutentha kuchokera kuzinthu monga kuziziritsa madzi ozungulira omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo opangira mafuta, zopangira mankhwala, magetsi, mphero zachitsulo komanso malo opangira chakudya.

Nsanja yoziziritsa madzi yamafuta imatulutsa kutentha kwa mlengalenga ngakhale kuzizira kwamtsinje kumatentha kwambiri. Nsanja zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito njirayi zimatchedwa nsanja zoziziritsa kuziririka. Kutaya kutentha kumatha kuchitika pogwiritsa ntchito mpweya kapena madzi. Kutulutsa kwamlengalenga kapena kuyendetsa mpweya mokakamizidwa kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti ntchitoyi igwire bwino ntchito komanso zida zomwe zikugwiritsidwa ntchito pochita izi.

Njirayi imatchedwa "evaporative" chifukwa imalola kuti gawo laling'ono lamadzi lakhazikika kuti lisinthe kukhala mtsinje wa mpweya, ndikupangitsa kuzirala kwakukulu kutsinje wonsewo. Kutentha kochokera kumtsinje wamadzi wopititsidwa mumtsinjewo kumakweza kutentha kwa mpweya ndi chinyezi chake mpaka 100%, ndipo mpweya uwu umasunthira kumlengalenga.

Zipangizo zothana ndi kutentha kwa madzi monga evaporative - monga makina oziziritsa mafakitale - amagwiritsidwa ntchito popereka kutentha kotsika kwambiri kwamadzi kuposa momwe zingagwiritsiridwe ntchito ndi "mpweya utakhazikika" kapena "wouma" zida zotsutsa kutentha, monga rediyeta m'galimoto, potero zimakwaniritsa Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu kwamagetsi kofunikanso kuzirala.

Nsanja zamadzi ozizira zam'mafakitale zimasiyana kukula kwake kuyambira pazoyambira zazing'ono mpaka padenga lalikulu kwambiri la hyperboloid (hyperbolic) zomwe zitha kukhala zazitali mpaka 200 mita ndi 100 mita, kapena mapangidwe amakona anayi omwe amatha kutalika kwa 15 mita ndi 40 mita kutalika. Nsanja zing'onozing'ono (phukusi kapena modular) nthawi zambiri zimamangidwa mufakitole, pomwe zazikulu zimamangidwa pamalowo ndi zinthu zosiyanasiyana.


Post nthawi: Nov-01-2020