Madzi Chithandizo System kwa Wozizilitsa Tower

Makampani ogulitsa mafakitale omwe amagwiritsa ntchito nsanja yozizira pamalowo, mtundu wina wamankhwala ozizira nsanja nthawi zambiri amakhala ofunikira kuti muwonetsetse kuti mukugwiritsa ntchito bwino komanso kugwiritsa ntchito zida zazitali. Ngati madzi ozizira a nsanja samasiyidwa osakhudzidwa, kukula kwa zinthu zakuthambo, kuwononga, kukula ndi dzimbiri kumatha kuchepetsa zokolola, kubweretsa nthawi yopanda mbewu, ndikufunika zida zotsika mtengo panjira.

Makina ozizira amachiritso amadzi ndi dongosolo la matekinoloje omwe amachotsa zodetsa m'madzi anu oziziritsa, madzi oyenda, ndi / kapena kuwombera. Kusintha kwadongosolo lanu kumadalira zinthu zingapo, kuphatikiza:

mtundu wa nsanja yozizira (yotseguka yotseguka, kamodzi, kapena kutseka kotsekedwa)
khalidwe la madzi chakudya
zopangira zomwe zimalimbikitsa kupanga nsanja yozizira ndi zida
umagwirira / zodzoladzola zamadzi oyenda
zofunikira pakumasulidwa
kaya akuwombera kapena ayi adzapatsidwa mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito nsanja yozizira
mtundu wa kutentha kutentha
kuzungulira kwa ndende

Monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, zida zenizeni zamankhwala ozizira nsanja zimadalira mtundu wa madzi ndi madzi amadzi oyenda mogwirizana ndi mtundu wamadzi ofunikira pa nsanja yozizira ndi zida zina (malinga ndi malingaliro a wopanga), koma kwakukulukulu, njira yoyeserera yoziziritsira nsanja yamadzi imaphatikizaponso mtundu wina wa:

kufotokozera
kusefera ndi / kapena kusefera kopitilira muyeso
kusinthana / kusintha
chakudya chamankhwala
kuwunika makina

Kutengera ndi zonyansa zomwe zimapezeka m'madzi, kuphatikiza kwa mankhwalawa kungagwirizane bwino ndi malowa ndikupanga chithandizo, chifukwa chake ndikofunikira kufunsa katswiri wa zamankhwala kuti awonetsetse kuti dongosolo loyenera la nsanjayo likuganiziridwa. Kutengera zosowa za nsanja yozizira ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito, zinthuzi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zokwanira. Komabe, ngati nsanjayo ikufuna dongosolo lomwe limapereka makonda ena, pakhoza kukhala zina kapena ukadaulo womwe muyenera kuwonjezerapo.

Makina ozizira amachiritso amadzi amatha kukhala ndi matekinoloje ofunikira kuwongolera momwe:

alkalinity: Adzauza kuthekera kwa calcium carbonate scale
mankhwala enaake: Zitha kuwonongeka pazitsulo; magawo osiyanasiyana adzalekerera kutengera zida za nsanja yozizira ndi zida
kuuma: kumathandizira kukulira mu nsanja yozizira komanso pamasinthidwe otentha
chitsulo: Akaphatikiza ndi phosphate, chitsulo chimatha kugwiritsa ntchito zida zoyipa
zinthu zakuthupi: zimalimbikitsa kukula kwazinthu zazing'ono, zomwe zingayambitse kuwononga, kutupa, ndi zina zadongosolo
silika: amadziwika chifukwa choyambitsa ndalama zolimba 硬 水垢
sulphate: monga ma chloride, amatha kuwononga kwambiri zitsulo
zolimba zonse zosungunuka (TDS): zimathandizira kukulira, kuchita thobvu, ndi / kapena kutupa
Zowonjezera zolimbitsa (TSS): zosasungunuka zosokoneza zomwe zingayambitse makulidwe, makanema, komanso / kapena dzimbiri

Njira zamankhwala zimasiyanasiyana kutengera zofunikira pa nsanja yozizira komanso mtundu wa kapangidwe kake ka madzi ndi kayendedwe ka madzi, koma njira yoziziritsira yochitira nsanja yamadzi nthawi zambiri imaphatikizapo izi:

Ozizira nsanja zodzoladzola madzi 

Madzi a zodzoladzola, kapena madzi omwe amalowa m'malo mwa magazi omwe asungunuka ndikutuluka ndikuwatulutsa kuchokera ku nsanja yozizira, amatengedwa koyamba kuchokera komwe amachokera, komwe kumatha kukhala madzi akuda, madzi amzindawu, zonyansa zam'mizinda, madzi am'madzi obwezeretsanso madzi, kapena madzi aliwonse gwero lina lamadzi.

Kutengera mtundu wamadzi awa, mwina mungafunike chithandizo pano. Ngati njira yothandizira madzi ikufunika gawo lino lamadzi ozizira, nthawi zambiri ukadaulo umachotsa kuuma ndi silika kapena kukhazikika ndikusintha PH.

Pakadali pano njirayi, chithandizo choyenera chimakulitsa kayendedwe kabwino ka nsanja ndikuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa magazi kutuluka kuposa zomwe zingachitike ndi mankhwala okha.

Kusefera ndi kopitilira muyeso-kusefera

Gawo lotsatira nthawi zambiri limayendetsa madzi a nsanja yozizira kudzera mumtundu wina wa kusefera kuti achotse tinthu tina tomwe timayimitsidwa monga matope, matope, ndi mitundu ina yazinthu zachilengedwe. Nthawi zambiri zimakhala zothandiza kuchita izi koyambirira, popeza kuchotsedwa kwa zolimba zomwe zayimitsidwa kumtunda kumatha kuteteza zotupa ndi utomoni wosinthanitsa ndi ma ion kuti usasokonezeke pambuyo pake. Kutengera mtundu wa kusefera komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito, tinthu tating'onoting'ono titha kuchotsedwa pansi pa micron imodzi.

Kusinthanitsa / kusintha madzi

Ngati pali kuuma kwakukulu mumadzi opangira / zodzoladzola, pakhoza kukhala chithandizo chakuchotsa kuuma. M'malo mwa laimu, utomoni wofewa ungagwiritsidwe ntchito; njira yolimba yosinthira asidi ya asidi, yomwe utomoni wake umakhala ndi ion ya sodium, ndipo chifukwa chouma chimadutsamo, imakonda kwambiri calcium, magnesium, ndi chitsulo kotero kuti idzagwira molekyuluyo ndikutulutsa molekyulu ya sodium m'madzi. Zowonongeka izi, ngati zilipo, zingayambitse kuchuluka ndi dzimbiri.

Kuwonjezera mankhwala

Pakadali pano, pamakhala kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala, monga:

dzimbiri zoletsa (mwachitsanzo, bicarbonates) kuti achepetse acidity ndikuteteza zitsulo
algaecides ndi biocide (mwachitsanzo, bromine) kuchepetsa kukula kwa ma microbes ndi biofilms
zoletsa zazing'ono (mwachitsanzo, phosphoric acid) yoletsa zonyansa kuti zisapangire ndalama

Chithandizo chokwanira isanakwane gawoli chitha kuthandiza kuchepetsa kuchuluka kwa mankhwala ofunikira pochizira madzi panthawiyi, zomwe ndi zabwino poganizira kuti mankhwala ambiri azamankhwala atha kukhala okwera mtengo.

Kusefera mbali-mtsinje

Ngati nsanja yozizira madzi adzagwiritsidwenso ntchito m'dongosolo lonse, gawo lazosefera lammbali-likhala lothandiza pochotsa zovutitsa zilizonse zomwe zalowa chifukwa chodetsa, kutayikira, ndi zina. Lamulo labwino la chala chachikulu ndikuti, ngati makina ozizira amadzimadzi amathandizira kusefera kwammbali, pafupifupi 10% yamadzi oyenda adzasefa. Nthawi zambiri imakhala ndi pulogalamu yabwino kwambiri yosefera yama multimedia.

Lizani-pansi chithandizo

Gawo lomaliza la chithandizo chofunikira pakuziziritsa madzi a nsanja ndikuwombera kapena kutuluka magazi kuchokera pa nsanjayo.

Kutengera kuchuluka kwa madzi omwe chomera chozizira chikuyenda kuti chizizirala moyenera, mbewu zimasankha kuyambiranso ndi kupezanso madzi kudzera munjira ina yothandizila posinthira mwa kusintha kwa osmosis kapena kusinthana kwa ion, makamaka m'malo omwe madzi akhoza kuchepa. Izi zimalola kuti zinyalala zamadzimadzi ndi zolimba kuti ziunjikane ndikuchotsedwa pomwe madzi amathandizidwa atha kubwezeredwa ku nsanjayo ndikugwiritsidwanso ntchito.

Ngati madzi obowoloka akuyenera kutulutsidwa, zotulutsa zilizonse zomwe dongosololi limapanga ziyenera kukwaniritsa zofunikira zonse. M'madera ena momwe madzi amasowa, pakhoza kukhala ndalama zolumikizirana zonyamula anthu ambiri, ndipo njira zowachotsera madzi m'madzi zitha kukhala njira yotsika mtengo pano, chifukwa zitha kuthandiza kuchepetsa mtengo wolumikizana ndi mizere yamadzi ndi zonyansa. Komanso, kutuluka kwa nsanja yozizira kukakhetsa magazi kuyenera kukwaniritsa malamulo oyendetsera matauni am'deralo ngati madzi amtunduwo akubwezeretsedwera ku chilengedwe kapena kuchipatala cha anthu wamba.

Nsanja zoziziritsa mafakitale ndizogwiritsa ntchito kwambiri madzi. Ndi kuchepa kwa madzi kumadera ena padziko lapansi, chithandizo chamadzi chothandiza chomwe chimalola kuti madzi agwiritsidwenso ntchito ndichomwe chimakhudza nthawi ndi malo ogwiritsira ntchito nsanja zoziziritsa. Kuphatikiza apo, zofunikira pakukhazikitsa madzi kumaboma, boma komanso oyang'anira matauni zithandizira njira zatsopano zokhudzana ndi kuzizira kwa nsanja yamadzi.

Makina ozizira otseguka omwe amachepetsa kulowa madzi mopitilira 90.0% kuyerekeza ndi makina ozizira omwe alipo pamakampani opanga mankhwala ndi magetsi. Chifukwa chake zimapangitsa kuti pakhale chiwonjezeko chowonjezeka cha makina otsekedwa otsekemera padziko lonse lapansi.


Post nthawi: Nov-05-2020